Magnetic - 1)
Putting out magnetic energy. 2) Able to be magnetized.
Magnetic Lines Of Force - The magnetic field that exists between poles of a magnet. Also called
Note: The magnetic force of a magnet can be seen as lines by placing a piece of paper over a magnet and sprinkling iron filings (iron particles) on the paper. Tapping the paper will result in a pattern of lines between the poles. Because of this, the magnetic force is called magnetic lines of force. For additional information see the note at the term Magnetism.
Magnetic Tape - Recording tape consisting of a
plastic strip to which magnetic materials, usually in form of finely ground iron oxide
(rust) particles, are adhered.
Magnetism - A natural attractive energy of iron
based-materials for other iron-based materials.Further Explanation: Atoms of
iron have groups of electrons revolving around the nucleus in an uneven manner.
This uneven revolving in a elliptical manner tends to pull the electrons of
other atoms in a particular direction. This force tends to align other nearby
atoms in the same direction as the first. 1,000,000,000,000,000 atoms (about
1/6000 the size of a pin head) all aligned in the same direction form a domain
(smallest known magnet). When the domains in a piece of iron are all aligned in
one direction, the piece is fully magnetized; when the domains are randomly
orientated the material is not magnetized.
Margin - The amount of dB between the highest peak level of
the program and the overload point.
Masking - The characteristic of hearing by which loud
sounds prevent the ear from hearing softer sounds of similar frequency.
Master - 1) A control to set the level going out of the
console, especially the stereo output to the two track machine in mixdown. 2) A term with
the same meaning as Sub Master (a control that adjusts the level of a signal mixed
together and being sent out to one track of a multitrack recorder). 3) A term with the
same meaning as VCA Master (one slide that controls the control voltage sent to several
VCA faders). 4) The machine that will be used as a speed reference when synchronizing two
or more machines to run together; if the master tape transport changes speed, the other
machines synced to it will change speed. 5) The original recording, used for making
copies. 6) To make an original recording which will be used to make commercial copies,
especially making a master lacquer (for record manufacturing) or a master compact disc.
Master Fader - 1) The fader which controls the main
output(s) of the console during mixdown. 2) In some consoles, faders which control the
outputs to the multitrack tape recorder during recording. 3) Occasionally used to mean a
VCA master (one slide that controls the control voltage sent to several VCA faders).
MDM - Short for Modular Digital Multitrack: A
multitrack digital recorder with (usually) 8 tracks than can be run in synchronization
with other machines (of the same type) to attain more tracks. ADAT brand recorders are an
Measure - The grouping of a number of beats in music.
Medium Delay - Delay times of 20 ms. - 60 ms.
Meg/Mega - 1) A prefix for 1,000,000. 2) An slang
abbreviation for megahertz (1,000,000 Hertz) or megabytes (1,000,000 Bytes).
Memory - The components in a computer (or a device that can
be connected to a computer) that store digital data.
Meter - A device which measures or compares the electrical
signal/signals; often used to read the voltage level of audio signals.
Mic - An abbreviation for microphone.
Mic/Line Switch - The selector switch on the input
of a console channel that chooses what input jack will feed the console.
Mic Input - The input of a console or other device that
a microphone can be plugged into.
Mic Level - The very low audio voltage level that comes
out of a studio microphone.
Mic Pad - A device that reduces the level of the signal
and is placed just before a microphone preamplifier to prevent overload of the
Mic Preamp - An amplifier to boost the low-level audio
signal out of a microphone up to line level.
Microphone - A transducer which converts sound pressure
waves into electrical signals.
Microprocessor - One I/C which performs the core of
activities in a computer.
Mid-Range Frequencies - The audio
frequencies from about 250 Hz through 6000 Hz.
MIDI - Short for Musical Instrument Digital Interface; a
digital signal system (a system of number signals) used to communicate performance
information to and from musical instruments making music.
MIDI Channel - A grouping of data about the
performance of one synthesizer or device, separate from data for other
MIDI Clock - Time data in the MIDI signal that advances
one step each 1/24 of a beat and can be used to sync two sequencers together.
MIDI Clock With Song Pointer - A MIDI
clock signal (time data in the MIDI signal that advances one step each 1/24 of a beat)
which also has a number signal for each measure to indicate the number of measures into
MIDI Controller - A device that can be played by a
musician and puts out MIDI signals to control synthesizers or sound modules.
MIDI Interface - A device that converts a MIDI
signal into the digital format of a computer so that the computer can store and use the
MIDI Patch Bay - A device that has several MIDI
inputs and outputs and allows any input to be routed to any output.
MIDI Sample Dump - The copying of a digitally
recorded sample without converting it to analog between different storage units or sound
modules thru a MIDI transmission.
MIDI Sequencer - A computer that can record and
playback MIDI data in such a way to control the performance of MIDI controlled musical
instruments or devices in a series of timed steps.
MIDI Time Code - All of the information of SMPTE
time code that has been converted into part of the MIDI signal.
Mike - 1) An abbreviation of Michael- an incorrect
abbreviation for microphone. 2) To place microphones for recording.
Milli- - An prefix meaning 1/1000.
Mini Disk - A small compact disc that can be recorded on
by general consumers; introduced by Sony at the end of 1992.
Mix - 1) To blend audio signals together into a composite
signal. 2) The signal made by blending individual signals together. 3) A control or
function on a delay effects/reverberation device which controls the amount of direct
signal that will be mixed into the processed signal.
Mixer - 1) A console, or other device that blends audio
signals into composite signals and has a small number of outputs. 2) A section on a
console that does this function. 3) In Europe, a fader. 4) An engineer or technician who
mixes, especially a live sound mix at a performance.
Mixdown (Mix Down) - Combining the signals from the tracks
of a multitrack tape onto a master tape; reverberation/other effects may be also added.
Mixing Console - A device which can combine several
signals into one or more composite signals, in any desired proportion.
Mixing Desk - A British name for console.
Modem - A device that allows digital data to be sent and
received over telephone lines.
Modular Digital Multitrack -
A multitrack digital recorder with (usually) 8 tracks than can be run in synchronization
with other machines (of the same type) to attain more tracks. ADAT brand recorders are an
Modulation - The control of one signal by another AC
Modulation Noise - Noise that is present only
when the audio signal is present.
Module - A group of circuits and controls that are mounted
on a removable housing; often on consoles, all of the controls and circuits for one or two
Monitor - 1) In audio, to listen. 2) To indicate with a
meter or light the conditions in a circuit, especially level and overload. 3) A device to
listen or observe.
Monitor Channel (Monitor Path)
- An audio channel (a single path that an audio signal travels or can travel through a
device) used to listen to the signal fed to or received back from one track of a
multitrack tape recorder.
Monitor Mixer - 1) A console or other device that
blends audio signals into composite signals and has a small number of outputs. 2) The
section of the console which is used to do a rough mix so the engineer can hear what is
being recorded without effecting the levels being fed to the multitrack recorder. 3) The
audio technician who mixes the signals sent to the stage monitor speakers.
Monitor Pot - A rotary control used to set the level
of the track signal in the monitor (the signal to or the signal back from one track of a
multitrack tape recorder).
Monitor Section (Monitor
Mixer Section) - The section of the console which is used to do a rough mix so the
engineer can hear what is being recorded without effecting the levels being fed to the
Monitor Selector - 1) On consoles, a switch which
allows you to hear various things over the control room monitor speakers such as the main
console outputs (for mixing), the monitor mixer section (for recording and overdubbing),
the disc player, tape machines and other devices. 2) On tape machines, a switch that (in
one position) sends the signal from the tape to the meters and the output of the machine's
electronics or (in a second position) sends the input signal being fed to the machine to
the meters and the output of the electronics.
Mono - Shortened from Monophonic and meaning that there is
only one sound source or the signal was derived from one sound source.
Monophonic - 1) More formal term for Mono and meaning
that there is only one sound source or the signal was derived from one sound source. 2) In
synthesizers, a term meaning that only one pitch may be sounded at a time.
Mounted Toms - An alternate name for Rack Toms (the
smaller toms, as small as approximately a 10" diameter, mounted above the foot drum
in a drum kit).
Moving Coil Microphone - A term with the
same meaning as the term Dynamic Microphone (a microphone in which the diaphragm moves a
coil suspended in a magnetic field to generate an output voltage proportional to the sound
Moving Fader Automation - In consoles, a
feature that lets the engineer program fader level changes so that these changes happen
automatically upon playback of the multitrack recording because the fader positions
Ms - An abbreviation for milli-seconds (1/1000th of a second -
usually not capitalized)
MS Micing - A method of stereo microphone placement
where one microphone, with a cardioid pattern, points directly at the middle of the area
to be miked and a Bi-directional microphone is as close as possible to the first mic with
its rejection pointing the same way as the axis of the first mic.
Multi/Multi Jack - Short for Multiple Jacks or
Multiple Jack and meaning: 1) a jack at the output of a device which is not normalled so
that plugging into the jack will allow the output to be sent to a different input and the
output will also feed the normal place it feeds. 2) A set of jacks (or one of a set of
jacks) with each terminal wired to a corresponding terminal of another or other jacks.
Multitasking - The running of more than one program
at the same time by a computer.
Multitimbral - Able to send out several signals of
different sound patches (and often playing different parts) by one synthesizer; having
several sound modules in it (said of a synthesizer).
Multitrack Recording - 1) A technique of
recording various instruments separately on different portions of the same tape, in time
with each other and so that final balancing of the sound may be accomplished later. 2) A
technique of digitally recording various instruments onto a hard disk in different data
files so the may be played in time with each other and final balancing of the sound may be
Multitrack Tape - A piece of magnetic tape which
can be used to store two or more discrete signals, in time with each other.
Musical Instrument Digital Interface
- A digital system (a system of numbers) used to communicate, to and from musical
instruments, data regarding the performance of the instruments making music. Abbreviation:
Mute Switch - A switch which turns off a channel,
takes out a track signal from the monitors, or which turns off the entire monitor signal.
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